Vitamin B5Pantothenic Acid
This is a water-soluble vitamin that is part of the B complex. It is involved in a number of essential functions in the body and is an essential part of coenzyme A (CoA), an important catalyst in the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates and proteins in energy production. It is essential for the production of cholesterol, steroids, and fatty acids and aids in the utilization of other vitamins, especially riboflavin. About 33% to 50% of panthothenic acid is lost in cooking and milling of whole grains into flour. It helps in maintaining a healthy cardiovascular system, adrenal support, and healthy joints. There is no toxic level for this vitamin as it is excreted in the urine. No RDA has been established for panthothenic acid, but 4 to 7 mgs is considered adequate. The richest sources of pantothenic acid are liver and other organ meats, whole grain bread and cereals, brewer's yeast, legumes, fish and poultry.